« I told President (US) Trump that the contribution of our Social Security experts should be discussed further as part of a totalization agreement. It will be of mutual interest to both of us, » Narendra Modi told reporters in New Delhi with Trump. India on Tuesday called on the United States to consider signing a totalization agreement to avoid a double deduction of the incomes of workers working in the other company`s countries and to allow Indian partial-unemployment workers in the United States to recover billions of dollars in social security deposits. While the SSA is focused on easing the cross-border complexity of social security, there are still some issues and challenges that require special attention to maximize the benefits of these bilateral agreements. Because different ASSs have different conditions and requirements, the conditions of each ASA must be carefully reviewed in order to obtain maximum benefits. Although there are a number of practical challenges, the PF authorities have consistently clarified the way in support of the successful implementation of the SSA. The increasing coverage of countries under bilateral agreements, combined with good implementation, brings considerable benefits to the mobile population with its employers and is therefore a step in the right direction. Prime Minister Narendra Modi spoke of the need for the totalization agreement, while Foreign Minister Harsh Vardhan Shringla said that the two issues relating to the H-1B visa, which has a direct impact on the IT sector, and totalization agreements with the US authorities were addressed. « The United States believes that due to the incompatibility of the two social security systems, the totalization agreement may not be plausible in the current context, » says the joint CII-USIBC report, which recommends an analysis of the feasibility and prospects of an agreement. SSA is a bilateral agreement between India and a foreign country, which aims to protect the interests of border workers.
The agreement provides for the avoidance of « double coverage » and guarantees equal treatment of workers in both countries from a social security perspective. Despite years of negotiations, the United States has not signed the Totalization Agreement, also known as the Social Security Agreement (SSA) with India, to protect the rights of IT and other service workers who share their professional careers between India and the United States.