The Treaty Of Tordesillas A 1494 Agreement Between Spain And Portugal

The main settlement of the treaty was the setting of the border between the Spanish and Portuguese regions of 270 leagues further west from that set by the Inter caetera Bull of 1493. The Western shift of the demarcation line allowed the Spaniards to exert their dominance over more of what they thought was Asia. For the Portuguese, the location of the 370 league line west of the Cape Verde Islands allowed them to control the route to India that revolved around the Cape of Good Hope. Although there is no formal evidence, there is some evidence that the Portuguese were aware of the existence of land in the South Atlantic as early as 1493. The new agreement allowed them to guarantee sovereignty over what Brazil would become, officially discovered in 1500. [I.] That, while there is some controversy between these gentlemen, their constituents, which countries, of all those discovered in the sea until today, the date of this treaty, refer to each of these parties; therefore, for peace and harmony, and for the maintenance of the relationship and love of the King of Portugal in question for the king in question and the queen of Castile, Aragon, etc. it is the pleasure of their Highnesses, they, their representatives, act on their behalf and by virtue of their powers here described, praised and agreed that a border or straight line to the north and south of pole , on the ocean sea in question, from the Arctic to the Antarctic Pole. This boundary or line must be drawn, as mentioned above, at a distance of three hundred and seventy leagues west of the Cape Verde Islands, calculating by degrees or otherwise, which can be considered the best and most readable, provided that the distance is not greater than what is said above. And all the countries, both the islands and the continent, already found and discovered, or subsequently found and discovered, by the king in question of Portugal and his ships on this side of said line and determined as above, to the east, either to the north or south, on the east side of said border, provided that the border in question is not crossed , will belong to the King of Portugal and his successors and will remain their property and will be owned forever.