Andorra, San Marino and Turkey are part of the customs union. The UK`s future trade relations with these countries will be influenced by the UK`s agreement with the EU. It is part of a wider framework of trade negotiations for the UK as it tries to reiterate trade pacts that will end after the end of the EU transitional period. Trade expert Bryan Tan of Pinsent Masons MPillay, the Singapore joint venture between MPillay and Pinsent Masons, the law firm behind Out-Law, said: « Britain and Singapore are historic trading partners and the free trade agreement means a bond for countries to maintain the status quo after Brexit by maintaining the same trading conditions before Brexit. In addition, countries are also working on a digital economy agreement that will create the conditions for the next-generation free trade agreement, which will focus on areas of the digital economy that are important to both countries. These, in turn, send a signal to industry and to Asian countries where Singapore is considered a pioneer. The European Union`s free trade agreement contributes to EU growth: in 2018, the EU was the world`s second largest exporter (15.5%) before the United States (10.6%) China (15.8%).  On this basis, EU trade agreements can continue to apply to the UK. The following agreements with countries and trading blocs are expected to enter into force when existing EU trade agreements no longer apply to the UK from 1 January 2021. Trade agreements also aim to remove quotas – limiting the amount of goods that can be traded. « The United Kingdom has made no secret of its intention to use the so-called continuity agreements with Japan, signed in October 2020, and now Singapore, but also Vietnam, which was signed the day after the Singapore Agreement, as a means of further strengthening the UK`s engagement in the region and, ultimately, as a springboard for accession to the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade agreement. With Singapore and Vietnam, both asean members, the UK also has an interest in using these agreements to strengthen its relations with the Southeast Asian trading bloc and become, when the time comes, an ASEAN « dialogue partner, » he said.
1) Source of trade statistics: ONS UK Total trade: all countries, not seasonally adjusted from April to June 2020. The UK government is also conducting trade negotiations with countries that do not currently have trade agreements with the EU, such as the United States, Australia and New Zealand. Updated, South Africa having signed the UK-SACU-M trade agreement. No new trade agreement will be able to begin until the end of the transition. Trade can also be simplified if countries have the same rules as the color of connector wires.B. The closer the rules are, the less likely it is that the goods will be controlled. Some new agreements will not be in force until the UK leaves the EU. Trade will then take place under the terms of the World Trade Organization (WTO).