In 1783, with the end of the British blockade, the new nation regained its prosperity. However, commercial opportunities were limited by the mercantilism of the British and French empires. The ports of British West India were closed for all basic necessities that were not transported on British ships. France and Spain have pursued a similar policy. At the same time, the new manufacturers faced fierce competition from British products that were suddenly put back on sale. Political turmoil in several states and the debtors` efforts to use the people`s government to repay their debts exacerbated the fear of the political and economic elites who had led the revolution. The clear inability of Congress to resolve the public obligations (debts) incurred during the war or to become a forum for productive cooperation between states to promote trade and economic development has only aggravated a bleak situation. In 1786/87, the Shays Rebellion, an uprising of dissidents in western Massachusetts against the state`s judicial system, threatened the stability of the government.  One of the most violent disputes was the representation of Congress – should it be based on population or be distributed equitably among states? The Framers compromised by giving each state one representative for every 30,000 people in the House of Representatives and two representatives in the Senate. They agreed to count African slaves among three-fifths of a person. Slavery itself was a delicate issue that threatened to derail the Union.
It was resolved temporarily when delegates agreed that the slave trade could continue until 1808. Subsequently, at the Annapolis Convention in 1786, the few state delegates present supported a proposal calling on all states to meet in Philadelphia in May 1787 to discuss ways to improve the articles. This meeting was known as the Constitutional Convention. While its original objective was to revise the articles, it would ultimately lead to the development of an entirely new constitution. To amend the articles, legislators in the 13 states would have to agree. This provision, like many in the articles, indicated that provincial fidelity and distrust of centralized autonomy persist. In the 1780s, so-called critical periods, public actions strongly influenced economic policy and policy. For the most part, business has prospered and the economy has grown. The westward expansion continued and the population increased. However, domestic problems remained due to the exclusion of American traders from the British West Indies and the continuation of British army posts in the Old Northwest, which was called American territory under the Treaty of Paris. These circumstances contributed to the feeling that a constitutional amendment was imperative. Nevertheless, national sentiment slowly grew in the 1780s, although great efforts to amend the articles to give Congress tax power failed in 1781 and 1786.
The year after the failure of 1786, the Constitutional Convention met in Philadelphia and ended the history of government under the statutes of Confederation. More than half of the delegates had been trained as lawyers, while only about a quarter had worked as lawyers. Other occupations were traders, manufacturers, shippers, speculators, bankers or financiers, three doctors, a minister and several small farmers. Of the 25 who owned slaves, sixteen needed slave labour to manage plantations or other businesses that formed the column of their income. Most of the delegates were landowners with considerable possessions, and most were comfortably wealthy. George Washington and Governor Morris were among the richest men in the country. Finally, delegates adopted, without a counter-opinion, a provision that stipulates that any person who is held in a state to serve or work . [and] flee to another, . . . at the request of the contracting party to whom this service or the