International Asylum Agreements

[27] « DHS and DOJ Issue Third-Country Asylum Rule, » Department of Homeland Security press release, June 15, 2019, www.dhs.gov/news/2019/07/15/dhs-and-doj-issue-third-country-asylum-rule. Like Honduran police officer Jorge C., many takers of Human Rights Watch and Refugees International expressed fear of staying in Guatemala and said they were at the same risk of persecution or torture as in their home countries. « Yana E. » fled Honduras with her two-year-old daughter after a gang brutally murdered her husband. She showed her death certificate to Refugees International. When Yana applied for asylum at the U.S. border, an official told her that the U.S. was « no longer granting asylum. » She was transferred to Guatemala as part of the ACA, although she has no family or friends in Guatemala. She said she felt unsafe in Guatemala because she said the gang knew where she was and that she had received a threatening video message from the same people who murdered her husband. [126] Between November 21, 2019 and March 16, 2020, the United States transferred 939 Honduran and Salvadoran asylum seekers, mostly women and children, to Guatemala under the U.S.-Guatemala ACA. [10] Only 20 of the 939 transfers – about 2% – applied for asylum in Guatemala, while many were afraid of persecution in their home countries.

[11] 1. Seek asylum in Guatemala: Lawyers from Refugio de la Niéez and pastoral Movilidad Humana inform about how to apply for asylum in Guatemala and how the process works. [94] [101] Francisco Mauricio Martinez and Katerin Chumil, « Gobierno by Jimmy Morales mintié sobre términos para el pa`s por acuerdo de asilo con EE. Uu. (Jimmy Morales` government lied about an asylum deal with the United States on the country`s terms), Prensa Libre, February 27, 2020, www.prensalibre.com/guatemala/politica/gobierno-de-jimmy-morales-mintio-en-cuanto-a-que-el-acuerdo-de-asilo-no-representaria-un-costo-para-guatemala/. However, given the likely increase in asylum detention for people crossing the U.S.-Mexico border, which will result from a previous Trump executive decision, there is potential for decision-making as to whether a person is a refugee placed within an unusually tight time frame. Asylum decisions may generally be rushed and the law may not be properly followed. « Freddie G., » a 19-year-old Honduran, told Refugees International he was panicked. Freddie`s mother left the family when he was four, and his father later left the United States, leaving him and his sister, brother and him in the care of his grandmother, who is now sick and frail. A gang leader abducted his sister and held her as « his wife » until she managed to escape and escape to the United States.

The gang then tried to recruit his brother, then mutilated his brother`s legs with a machete. Then the gang followed Freddie, accused him of the nurse`s escape and stole him. Freddie sought in vain help from his employer; The gang leader found him and hit him and had to flee to the United States. Freddie said that he panicked and spent much of his time crying in an overcrowded place in Guatemala, where he could neither sleep nor eat, knowing that he only had three days to find out what to do, for fear of persecution in Honduras, because he didn`t know anyone in Guatemala and his entire family in the United States was seeking asylum for the same reasons. Freddie was desperate for help from a psychologist and a lawyer, but neither was available to provide services beyond the first consultations in Guatemala.