Has this agreement already been implemented? The Cypriot government has implemented the part of the agreement on Turkish Cypriots; As a result, all Turkish Cypriots, with the exception of a few living in state-controlled territories, have been transferred to the occupied territories in accordance with the provisions of the agreement. It should be noted, however, that the vast majority of them did not leave out of free will, but were forced to travel to the territories occupied by various brutal acts of the TMT, the illegal terrorist organization of the Denktash regime. The moving farewell scenes to the neighbours that took place at the time are proof that Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots can coexist. None of the provisions of the agreement concerning Greek Cypriots living in the occupied territories have ever been implemented by the Denktash regime. Not only did the Turkish Cypriot head of state, Mr. Rauf Denktash, not respect his signature by implementing the agreement he signed, but he also repeatedly violated all its provisions. Attempting to take advantage of the de facto situation and divide the island by demographic change, Turkey and the Turkish Cypriot regime have taken a series of well-planned coercion and oppression measures imposed on the Greek Cypriot enclave to throw it out of their homes and homes. Clear violations of human rights, confirmed by objective reports 94. The main points of the future Constitution of Cyprus were in the basic structure agreed in Zurich, which was supplemented by the London conference in 1959. (68) As noted above, the conference also adopted « agreed measures », which include the provision that a Joint Commission in Cyprus will finalise a draft Constitution with these articles and the relevant provisions of the other agreements reached in Zurich and London. The joint committee should be made up of a representative from each of the parties to the London Agreement (with the exception of the United Kingdom). It took the Joint Commission 14 months to negotiate the draft Constitution and made some changes to the agreements agreed at the London conference.
The project was signed on April 6, 1960 in Nicosia. 104.Es, however, has legitimate objections to the application for membership of the European Union on the basis of the London, Zurich and Nicosia agreements, which I will now discuss. 87.In, in any case, the three guarantor states themselves do not seem to regard the London Agreements as null and void. Turkey certainly did not do so and relied on the guarantee contract to justify its intervention in 1974. As far as Greece is concerned, although it asserts that the Constitution has become unenforceable, it has not, as I have been advised, and I understand that the London agreements were invalid or were not in any other way in force. In arguing that the creation of the TRNC constitutes a violation of the 1960 agreements and underlining its particular position as a « guarantor power with a particular legal responsibility to the Republic of Cyprus », it seems to be relying on it. (57) 84.It also argued that the guarantee contract was cancelled because Article IV, which allows the unilateral use of force to maintain the status quo in Cyprus, is at odds with a rule of ius cogens (imperative standard of general international law), i.e. a standard accepted and recognized by the international community as a whole as a principle of which no derogation is likely to be re-acceptable. In this regard, it should be noted that there are significant differences of opinion within the international community on the standards that fall specifically into this category. It must be recognized, however, that the prohibition of the use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of a state is a rule that falls definitively into this category. (50) The Constitution of Cyprus, which came into force on the same day as the three treaties, is the result of two previous international agreements.