A 65-year-old woman, who lives in Japan, also lived in Australia for 9 years during her working life (between 16 and retirement age). She made a period of 20 years of contributions in Japan. If you have Social Security credits in the United States and Japan, you may be eligible for benefits from one or both countries. If you meet all the essential requirements of a country`s system, you regularly get an advantage from that country. If you don`t meet the essential requirements, the agreement can help you qualify for a performance, as explained below. Prior to the agreement, workers, employers and the self-employed could, under certain circumstances, be required to pay social security taxes in the United States and Japan for the same work. If you qualify for Social Security benefits in both the U.S. and Japan and you do not need the agreement to qualify for either benefit, the amount of your benefit in the U.S. may be reduced. This is the result of a provision in U.S.
law that may affect how your benefit is calculated if you are also receiving a work-based pension that has not been covered by U.S. Social Security. For more information, see the Windfall Elimination Commission publication (publication number 05-10045). If you are outside the United States, you can write to us at the address in the More Information section. Data protection law requires us to inform you that we have the right to collect this information in accordance with section 233 of the Social Security Act. Although it is not mandatory for you to provide information from the Social Security Administration (SSA), a certificate of coverage can only be issued if an application has been received. The information is necessary to enable the SSA to determine whether the work should only be covered by the U.S. social security system, in accordance with an international agreement. Without the certificate, work can be taxed under both the U.S. and foreign social security system. The agreement does not apply to self-employed Australian residents working in Japan. They are not subject to the Superguarantee Act in Australia, so double super coverage does not occur..